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Mt. Makiling

An inactive volcano, Mt Makiling rises between the provinces of Batangas and Laguna in southern Luzon . Its highest peak is at 1,130 m above sea level.

The mountain has rugged and steep terrain at higher elevation particularly near the peaks with worn, deep channels and steep slopes. The topography of the lower slopes may be described as broad, radiating, well-drained ridges separated by narrow valleys. Other portions have relatively flat or rolling terrain particularly the open and cultivated/occupied areas. There are two pronounced seasons; dry months January to April and wet months May to December. Annual rainfall is 2,700 mm.

The mountain is host to native and exotic species of plants classified into 225 families, 949 genera, 2,038 species, 19 subspecies, 167 varieties, many cultivars of flowering plants, 34 species of mosses, 67 species of fungi, 29 species of fern and 42 species of liverworts. Recorded in the mountain are 44 mammals such as wild boar, deer, monkey, bats and rodents; 241 bird species; 69 reptiles such as lizards and snakes; 21 amphibians such as toads and frogs; and leeches.

Large areas of natural forest cover, mudspring; flat Rocks; panoramic view of Laguna and Batangas from the peaks; nature trails; floral and faunal resources; Makiling Botanic Gardens; Makiling Rainforest Park; Makiling Experimental and Demonstration forest; Boy Scout of the Philippines Jamboree Site, National Arts Center, Pook Ni Mariang Makiling, Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau, Forest Products Research & Development Institute; Philippine Geothermal, Inc. well installations.


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